What are the main laws regulating employment relationships?
The Labour Code governs the employment relationship. Specific legislation on certain sectors also applies.
The Labour Code provides for mandatory rules applying to any employment contracts governed by Luxembourg law, but also for foreign employees working on the Luxembourg territory: minimum salary, working hours, paid holidays, non-discrimination, health and safety.
What prior approvals (for example, work permits, visas, and/or residency permits) do foreign nationals require to work in your jurisdiction?
Nationals from EU Member States, Switzerland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Iceland benefit from the freedom of work and are allowed to work in Luxembourg without working permit or visa.
Luxembourg immigration rules apply to nationals from other third party countries. A foreign national willing to work in Luxembourg for more than 3 months must obtain a working permit and residence authorisation (autorisation de séjour). The requirements to obtain the working permit depend on the type of work to be performed, the foreign national’s qualifications etc.